Illinois Farm Report

Staff Writer
Aledo Times Record

Sept. 1 Grain Stocks

 Old crop corn stocks in all positions in Illinois on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 156.6 million bushels, down 36 percent from last year’s

stocks of 246.3 million bushels.  Off-farm stocks, at 120.6 million

bushels, accounted for 77 percent of the total.  On-farm stocks were

down four million bushels from Sept. 2010 to 36 million bushels.  The

indicated disappearance from all positions for the June-Aug. quarter

was 491 million bushels, down five percent from the same time a year ago.  

Old crop soybeans stored on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 29.3 million

bushels, up 42 percent from last year’s level of 20.7 million bushels.  

Stocks have not been at this level for this quarter since Sept. 2008

when total stocks were 34.7 million bushels.  Off-farm stocks, at 23.3

million bushels, accounted for 80 percent of the total.  The indicated

disappearance from all positions for the June-Aug. quarter was 70.2

million bushels, down two percent from the same period in 2010.  Wheat

stocks on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 61.3 million bushels, up 31 percent

from Sept. 2010.  Off-farm stocks of 54.0 million bushels

accounted for 88 percent of the total.

     U.S. old crop corn stocks in all positions on Sept. 1, 2011

totaled 1.13 billion bushels, down 34 percent from Sept. 1, 2010.  

Of the total stocks, 315 million bushels are stored on farms, down 35

percent from a year earlier.  Off-farm stocks, at 813 million bushels, are

down 33 percent from a year ago.  The June-Aug. 2011 indicated

disappearance is 2.54 billion bushels, compared with 2.60 billion bushels

during the same period last year.  Old crop soybeans stored in all

positions on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 215 million bushels, up 42

percent from Sept. 1, 2010. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled

48.5 million bushels, up 37 percent from a year ago.  Off-farm stocks, at

166 million bushels, are up 44 percent from last Sept. Indicated

disappearance for June-Aug. 2011 totaled 405 million bushels, down 4

percent from the same period a year earlier.  All wheat stored in all

positions on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 2.15 billion bushels, down 12

percent from a year ago.  On-farm stocks are estimated at 642 million

bushels, down 21 percent from last Sept. Off-farm stocks, at 1.51

billion bushels, are down eight percent from a year ago.  The June-Aug. 2011 indicated disappearance is 720 million bushels, down two percent

from the same period a year earlier.

Hogs and Pigs

 Total inventory of all hogs and pigs on hand in Illinois Sept. 1, 2011 was 4.65 million head, up four percent from last year.  Market hogs, at

4.16 million head, were up five percent from a year ago, while breeding hogs

were at 490 thousand head, even with last year.  The June-Aug. pig

crop of 2.53 million pigs was down slightly from last year.  There were 255

thousand sows that farrowed, down four percent from last year.  The average

number of pigs per litter was 9.90, up from 9.55 during the same period

last year.  Hog producers intend to farrow 255 thousand sows during the

Sept.-Nov. quarter, down two percent from the same period a

year ago.  The first intentions estimate for the Dec. 2011-Feb. 2012 quarter is for 250 thousand sows to farrow, equal to the previous

year.

     U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on Sept. 1, 2011 was 66.6

million head.  This was up one percent from Sept. 1, 2010, and up three

percent from June 1, 2011.  Breeding inventory, at 5.81 million head, was

up one percent from last year, and up slightly from the previous quarter.  

Market hog inventory, at 60.8 million head, was up one percent from last

year, and up three percent from last quarter.

     The June-Aug. 2011 pig crop, at 29.1 million head, was up one

percent from 2010 and up one percent from 2009.  Sows farrowing during

this period totaled 2.90 million head, down one percent from 2010 and down

two percent from 2009.  The sows farrowed during this quarter represented

50 percent of the breeding herd.  The average pigs saved per litter was a

record high 10.03 for the June-Aug. 2011 period, compared to 9.81 last

year.  Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.50 for

operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.10 for operations with more than

5,000 hogs and pigs.

     United States hog producers intend to have 2.87 million sows

farrow during the Sept.-Nov. 2011 quarter, down slightly from

the actual farrowings during the same period in 2010, and down one percent

from 2009.  Intended farrowings for Dec.-Feb. 2012, at 2.86

million sows, are up slightly from 2011, but down one percent from 2010.  

The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over

5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 46 percent of the total

United States hog inventory, up from 43 percent last year.

Agricultural Prices

      The Sept. index of prices received by Illinois farmers for all

crops was 198 percent of the base, up two points from the revised Aug. figure and 60 points above Sept. 2010.  Crop prices decreased for all

commodities except for hay.  The current year’s base was computed by

multiplying the average production for the five-year period by the average

price for each year.  These five years were summed and then divided by

five to arrive at an average (base) for the period.  The current five-year

average production was then multiplied by the current price and divided by

the average for the five years to arrive at the current index.

      The U.S. preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices

Received by Farmers in Sept., at 183 percent, based on 1990-

1992=100, decreased one point from Aug.  The Crop Index was

unchanged but the Livestock Index decreased seven points.  Producers

received higher prices for cattle, strawberries, hay, and grain sorghum and

lower prices for broilers, hogs, milk, and corn.  In addition to prices, the

overall index was also affected by the seasonal change based on a three-

year average mix of commodities producers sell.  Increased monthly

marketings of corn, soybeans, apples, and potatoes offset decreased

marketings of cattle, wheat, broilers, and grapes.

Milk Production

  Milk production in Illinois during Aug. 2011 totaled 151 million

pounds, an increase of three million pounds from Aug. 2010.  The

number of milk cows on farms averaged 98,000 head for Aug. 2011,

down 1,000 from last year.  Milk per cow averaged 1,540 pounds, 45

pounds more than Aug. 2010.

     Estimated milk production in the U.S. during Aug. 2011 totaled

16.4 billion pounds, up two percent from Aug. 2010.  Production per cow

averaged 1,783 pounds for Aug. 2011, 19 pounds above Aug. 2010.  

The number of milk cows on farms in the U.S. was 9.22 million head in

Aug. 2011, an increase of 94,000 head from Aug. 2010.

Layers & Egg Production

     In Illinois, the average number of layers on hand was down four

percent in June and July, and down seven percent in August compared to the

same months last year.  The number of eggs produced was up four percent in

June, unchanged in July, and down six percent in Aug. from a year ago.

     In the United States, the average number of layers on hand was

down one percent for June, July, and Aug. compared to a year ago.  The

number of eggs produced was virtually unchanged in June, July, and

Aug. compared to a year ago.