Illinois Farm Report
Sept. 1 Grain Stocks
Old crop corn stocks in all positions in Illinois on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 156.6 million bushels, down 36 percent from last year’s
stocks of 246.3 million bushels. Off-farm stocks, at 120.6 million
bushels, accounted for 77 percent of the total. On-farm stocks were
down four million bushels from Sept. 2010 to 36 million bushels. The
indicated disappearance from all positions for the June-Aug. quarter
was 491 million bushels, down five percent from the same time a year ago.
Old crop soybeans stored on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 29.3 million
bushels, up 42 percent from last year’s level of 20.7 million bushels.
Stocks have not been at this level for this quarter since Sept. 2008
when total stocks were 34.7 million bushels. Off-farm stocks, at 23.3
million bushels, accounted for 80 percent of the total. The indicated
disappearance from all positions for the June-Aug. quarter was 70.2
million bushels, down two percent from the same period in 2010. Wheat
stocks on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 61.3 million bushels, up 31 percent
from Sept. 2010. Off-farm stocks of 54.0 million bushels
accounted for 88 percent of the total.
U.S. old crop corn stocks in all positions on Sept. 1, 2011
totaled 1.13 billion bushels, down 34 percent from Sept. 1, 2010.
Of the total stocks, 315 million bushels are stored on farms, down 35
percent from a year earlier. Off-farm stocks, at 813 million bushels, are
down 33 percent from a year ago. The June-Aug. 2011 indicated
disappearance is 2.54 billion bushels, compared with 2.60 billion bushels
during the same period last year. Old crop soybeans stored in all
positions on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 215 million bushels, up 42
percent from Sept. 1, 2010. Soybean stocks stored on farms totaled
48.5 million bushels, up 37 percent from a year ago. Off-farm stocks, at
166 million bushels, are up 44 percent from last Sept. Indicated
disappearance for June-Aug. 2011 totaled 405 million bushels, down 4
percent from the same period a year earlier. All wheat stored in all
positions on Sept. 1, 2011 totaled 2.15 billion bushels, down 12
percent from a year ago. On-farm stocks are estimated at 642 million
bushels, down 21 percent from last Sept. Off-farm stocks, at 1.51
billion bushels, are down eight percent from a year ago. The June-Aug. 2011 indicated disappearance is 720 million bushels, down two percent
from the same period a year earlier.
Hogs and Pigs
Total inventory of all hogs and pigs on hand in Illinois Sept. 1, 2011 was 4.65 million head, up four percent from last year. Market hogs, at
4.16 million head, were up five percent from a year ago, while breeding hogs
were at 490 thousand head, even with last year. The June-Aug. pig
crop of 2.53 million pigs was down slightly from last year. There were 255
thousand sows that farrowed, down four percent from last year. The average
number of pigs per litter was 9.90, up from 9.55 during the same period
last year. Hog producers intend to farrow 255 thousand sows during the
Sept.-Nov. quarter, down two percent from the same period a
year ago. The first intentions estimate for the Dec. 2011-Feb. 2012 quarter is for 250 thousand sows to farrow, equal to the previous
U.S. inventory of all hogs and pigs on Sept. 1, 2011 was 66.6
million head. This was up one percent from Sept. 1, 2010, and up three
percent from June 1, 2011. Breeding inventory, at 5.81 million head, was
up one percent from last year, and up slightly from the previous quarter.
Market hog inventory, at 60.8 million head, was up one percent from last
year, and up three percent from last quarter.
The June-Aug. 2011 pig crop, at 29.1 million head, was up one
percent from 2010 and up one percent from 2009. Sows farrowing during
this period totaled 2.90 million head, down one percent from 2010 and down
two percent from 2009. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented
50 percent of the breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a
record high 10.03 for the June-Aug. 2011 period, compared to 9.81 last
year. Pigs saved per litter by size of operation ranged from 7.50 for
operations with 1-99 hogs and pigs to 10.10 for operations with more than
5,000 hogs and pigs.
United States hog producers intend to have 2.87 million sows
farrow during the Sept.-Nov. 2011 quarter, down slightly from
the actual farrowings during the same period in 2010, and down one percent
from 2009. Intended farrowings for Dec.-Feb. 2012, at 2.86
million sows, are up slightly from 2011, but down one percent from 2010.
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over
5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 46 percent of the total
United States hog inventory, up from 43 percent last year.
The Sept. index of prices received by Illinois farmers for all
crops was 198 percent of the base, up two points from the revised Aug. figure and 60 points above Sept. 2010. Crop prices decreased for all
commodities except for hay. The current year’s base was computed by
multiplying the average production for the five-year period by the average
price for each year. These five years were summed and then divided by
five to arrive at an average (base) for the period. The current five-year
average production was then multiplied by the current price and divided by
the average for the five years to arrive at the current index.
The U.S. preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices
Received by Farmers in Sept., at 183 percent, based on 1990-
1992=100, decreased one point from Aug. The Crop Index was
unchanged but the Livestock Index decreased seven points. Producers
received higher prices for cattle, strawberries, hay, and grain sorghum and
lower prices for broilers, hogs, milk, and corn. In addition to prices, the
overall index was also affected by the seasonal change based on a three-
year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly
marketings of corn, soybeans, apples, and potatoes offset decreased
marketings of cattle, wheat, broilers, and grapes.
Milk production in Illinois during Aug. 2011 totaled 151 million
pounds, an increase of three million pounds from Aug. 2010. The
number of milk cows on farms averaged 98,000 head for Aug. 2011,
down 1,000 from last year. Milk per cow averaged 1,540 pounds, 45
pounds more than Aug. 2010.
Estimated milk production in the U.S. during Aug. 2011 totaled
16.4 billion pounds, up two percent from Aug. 2010. Production per cow
averaged 1,783 pounds for Aug. 2011, 19 pounds above Aug. 2010.
The number of milk cows on farms in the U.S. was 9.22 million head in
Aug. 2011, an increase of 94,000 head from Aug. 2010.
Layers & Egg Production
In Illinois, the average number of layers on hand was down four
percent in June and July, and down seven percent in August compared to the
same months last year. The number of eggs produced was up four percent in
June, unchanged in July, and down six percent in Aug. from a year ago.
In the United States, the average number of layers on hand was
down one percent for June, July, and Aug. compared to a year ago. The
number of eggs produced was virtually unchanged in June, July, and
Aug. compared to a year ago.