Illinois monthly farm report
November crop report
As of Nov. 1, the Illinois corn for grain yield for 2011 was
estimated at 156 bushels per acre, down three bushels from the Oct. 1
forecast. At this level, total production for the state would reach 1.93
billion bushels, fractionally below the 2010 production. Harvest of the
crop was 89 percent complete by Oct. 30 compared to 98 percent in
2010 and 71 percent for the five-year average.
As of Nov. 1, the estimated yield for the soybean crop in
Illinois was 46 bushels per acre, unchanged from the October forecast.
Production was expected to reach 407.1 million bushels, 13 percent below
2010 production. As of Oct. 30, 94 percent of the crop had been
harvested, compared to 99 percent last year and 80 percent for the five-
Corn production in the U.S. is forecast at 12.3 billion bushels, down one
percent from the October forecast and down one percent from 2010. If
realized, this will be the fourth largest production total on record for the
United States. Based on conditions as of Nov. 1, yields are expected
to average 146.7 bushels per acre, down 1.4 bushels from the October
forecast and down 6.1 bushels from 2010. If realized, this will be the
lowest average yield since 2003. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 83.9
million acres, unchanged from the October forecast.
Soybean production is forecast at 3.05 billion bushels, down slightly
from the October forecast and down 9 percent from last year. Based on
Nov. 1 conditions, yields are expected to average 41.3 bushels per
acre, down 0.2 bushel from last month and down 2.2 bushels from last
year. If realized, the average yield will be the second lowest since 2003.
Area for harvest is forecast at 73.7 million acres, unchanged from October
but down 4 percent from 2010.
Milk production in Illinois during September 2011 totaled 149
million pounds, an increase of 2 million pounds from September 2010.
The number of milk cows on farms averaged 98,000 head for September
2011, 1,000 head less than last year. Milk per cow averaged 1,520 pounds,
35 pounds above September 2010.
Estimated milk production in the U.S. during September 2011
totaled 15.8 billion pounds, up 263 million pounds from September 2010.
Production per cow averaged 1,716 pounds for September 2011, 12
pounds above September 2010. The number of milk cows on farms in the
U.S. was 9.2 million head in September 2011, an increase of 88,000 head
from September 2010.
The October index of prices received by Illinois farmers for all
crops was 172 percent of the base, down nine points from the revised
September figure but 17 points above October 2010. Crop prices
decreased for all commodities except for hay. The current year’s base was
computed by multiplying the average production for the five-year period
by the average price for each year. These five years were summed and then
divided by five to arrive at an average (base) for the period. The current
five-year average production was then multiplied by the current price and
divided by the average for the five years to arrive at the current index.
The U.S. preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received
by Farmers in October, at 185 percent, based on 1990-1992=100,
increased six points from September. The Crop Index was up three points and
the Livestock Index increased one point. Producers received higher prices
for cattle, eggs, hogs, and sweet corn and lower prices for corn, milk,
wheat, and soybeans. In addition to prices, the overall index was also
affected by the seasonal change based on a three-year average mix of
commodities producers sell. Increased monthly movement of soybeans,
corn, grain sorghum, and sunflowers offset the decreased marketing of
wheat, milk, hogs, and hay.