May Crop Report
The Illinois winter wheat crop is expected to yield 62 bushels per acre based on conditions as of May 1, 1 bushel above last year’s yield. If this yield is realized, total production would be 39.06 million bushels, 16 percent less than last year’s production. Farmers seeded 660 thousand acres to winter wheat last fall and expect to harvest 630 thousand acres for grain. This compares to 800 thousand acres seeded and 765 thousand acres harvested in 2011. Winter wheat headed had reached 80 percent as of April 29, compared to 6 percent last year and the five-year average of 6 percent. The crop was also 24 percent filled as of April 29. The condition of the crop was 20 percent excellent, 60 percent good, 16 percent fair, 3 percent poor, and 1 percent very poor.
Hay stocks in Illinois on May 1, 2012 were at 300,000 tons, down 6 percent from a year ago. Harvest of hay continues with 18 percent of the first cutting of alfalfa complete as of April 29. Alfalfa condition was 13 percent excellent, 68 percent good, 17 percent fair, 1 percent poor, and 1 percent very poor. Red Clover condition was 14 percent excellent, 69 percent good, 16 percent fair, and 1 percent poor.
Corn planting was 89 percent complete by May 6, compared to 27 percent last year and 47 percent for the five-year average. Corn was 64 percent emerged compared to 5 percent last year. Oats planted was 99 percent complete by May 6, compared to 84 percent last year and the five- year average of 87 percent.\\\U.S. winter wheat production is forecast at 1.69 billion bushels, up 13 percent from 2011. Based on May 1 conditions, the United States yield is forecast at 47.6 bushels per acre, up 1.4 bushels from last year. Expected grain area totals 35.6 million acres, up 10 percent from last year. As of April 29, 64 percent of the winter wheat crop in the 18 major producing states was rated in good to excellent condition, 30 points above the same week in 2011, and heading had reached 54 percent, 30 points ahead of the five-year average.
The combination of a mild winter and spring, paired with timely precipitation, resulted in beneficial growing conditions in the Great Plains States. Precipitation this spring not only aided the winter wheat crop, but also improved pasture and hay fields, leading cattle producers to harvest wheat acreage for grain instead of hay. Current crop conditions have improved from last year in all major Hard Red Winter producing states except Montana and South Dakota. As of April 29, the percent of crop rated good to excellent in Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas was 27
points or more higher than last year, contributing to forecasted yield increases for those states.
Crop conditions were varied in several of the Soft Red Winter producing states due to cooler than normal spring temperatures. Yields are forecasted to be down in the Coastal Plains States and the Southeast, where many states set record yields in 2011. However, yields are expected to be up from last year in much of the Corn Belt and the Northeast.
Warmer temperatures and adequate moisture in the Pacific Northwest left growers optimistic after a predominantly cool start to the spring growing season. As of April 29, crop conditions reported as good to excellent were unchanged in Idaho, down 8 points in Oregon, while up 18 points in Washington compared to last year. Yields are forecast to be down from last year in Oregon and Washington but up in Idaho.
Total gross income for Illinois producers from cattle and calves and hogs and pigs’ marketings increased 15 percent from $1.79 billion in 2010 to $2.06 billion in 2011. Cattle and calves gross income increased 5 percent while hogs and pigs increased 20 percent.
The 2011 gross income from cattle and calves and hogs and pigs for the U.S. totaled $85.2 billion, up 22 percent from 2010. Cattle and calves’ gross income increased 22 percent while hogs and pigs increased 20 percent.
The combined value of production in Illinois from eggs and chickens totaled nearly $83.2 million in 2011. The value of egg production, at $83 million, increased 11 percent from the previous year. Chicken sales were slightly down from $192 thousand last year to $152 thousand this year.
The U.S. combined value of production from broilers, eggs, turkeys, and the value of sales from chickens in 2011 was $35.6 billion, up 2.5 percent from the $34.7 billion in 2010. The value of broilers produced during 2011 was $23.2 billion, compared to $23.7 billion in 2010. The total number of broilers produced in 2011 was 8.61 billion, just slightly down from the 8.63 billion produced in 2010. Value of all egg production in 2011 was $7.37 billion, up 11 percent from $6.53 billion in 2010. The value of turkeys produced during 2011 was $4.99 billion, up 12 percent from $4.37 billion the previous year. The value of sales from chickens (excluding broilers) in 2011 was $81.2 million, up 10 percent from $73.1 million a year ago.
The April index of prices received by Illinois farmers for all crops was 167 percent of the base, down 4 points from the revised March figure and 19 points below April 2011. Crop prices decreased for all commodities except for soybeans. The current year’s base was computed by multiplying the average production for the five-year period by the average price for each year. These five years were summed and then divided by five to arrive at an average (base) for the period. The current five-year average production was then multiplied by the current price and divided by the average for the five years to arrive at the current index.
The U.S. preliminary All Farm Products Index of Prices Received by Farmers in April, at 177 percent, based on 1990-1992=100, decreased 7 points from March. The Crop Index was down 5 points and the Livestock Index decreased 7 points. Producers received lower prices for broilers, corn, cattle, and eggs and higher prices for soybeans, onions, hay, and oranges. In addition to prices, the overall index was also affected by the seasonal change based on a three-year average mix of commodities producers sell. Increased monthly movement of cattle, strawberries, milk, and broilers offset the decreased marketing of soybeans, corn, wheat, and cotton.
Total cheese production in the U.S. in 2011, excluding cottage cheeses, was 10.6 billion pounds, 2 percent above 2010 production. Wisconsin was the leading State with 25 percent of the production.
American type cheese production was 4.27 billion pounds, 1 percent below 2010 and accounted for 40 percent of total cheese in 2011. Wisconsin was the leading State in American type cheese production with 19 percent of the production. Italian varieties, with 4.56 billion pounds were 3 percent above 2010 production and accounted for 43 percent of total cheese in 2011. Mozzarella accounted for 78 percent of the Italian production followed by Provolone with 8 percent and Parmesan with 6 percent. California was the leading State in Italian cheese production with 31 percent of the production.
Butter production in the United States during 2011 totaled 1.81 billion pounds, 16 percent above 2010. California accounted for 34 percent of the production.