Lipstick, stamps and men's underwear: Track the prices of these everyday items as leading recession and inflation indicators
While unusual, these three indictors show how bad prices are getting.
- Consumer prices soared 8.5% annually in July, near the fastest pace in 40 years.
- Most people feel inflation when they fill their gas tanks or buy groceries.
- But services like haircuts and goods such as stamps also show how costs have spiked.
Most people don’t need headlines to tell them inflation is surging and the odds of a recession are rising. For many of us, certain telltale signs really bring home how bad it’s getting.
Almost everyone notices how much more it costs to fill our tanks at the gas station, with a gallon of regular unleaded hitting a record-high national average of $5.01 in June. Since then, prices have fallen back to $3.90 on Monday, but that's still up from $3.16 a year ago. They are also likely familiar with how much more groceries cost, with staples up 13.1% in the 12 months ending July to post the largest 12-month increase since March 1979.
After all, July consumer prices accelerated by 8.5%, near the fastest pace in 40 years, led by pantry basics like eggs, coffee and butter as well as housing.
But price increases are everywhere. Even if the rate of increase slowed or dipped in July, everything is still much pricier compared to last year: airfares, used cars and trucks, new cars and trucks, medical care, household furnishings, recreation, and clothes, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Last quarter's GDP report revealed the economy shrunk by 0.9%, after contracting 1.6% in the first quarter. Even though a widely accepted definition of recession is two consecutive quarters of negative growth, many economists aren't calling this economy one yet because of a still strong labor market and resilient consumer spending. But it's starting to feel more like a recession with the S&P 500 stock index entering a bear market earlier this summer and layoffs rising.
There are major indicators the government follows, sure. Here we offer some smaller, everyday items people notice are being walloped by inflation:
“Economists closely follow this price because a haircut is in large part the same service today as it was 10, 20, or 50 years ago, and is similar across countries,” Bill Adams, chief economist for Comerica Bank, wrote in a commentary after the May consumer price index report. “So, this price is a good shorthand for the trend in overall inflation.”
What happened to haircuts in July? The price rose 0.2% month-over-month in July and 4.3% over the year.
Randall Vaughn, who is the founder and owner of Classic INTOWN Barbershop & Men Spa in downtown Atlanta, raised the price of a standard cut from $35 to $45 in May. That was the first time Vaughn, who is also a master barber, raised prices in almost two years.
He's planning to increase prices for all products and services by an additional 10% later this year. This comes as rent for his shop and the price of crucial supplies like blades "have gone up considerably."
But he and three other barbers he works with haven't lost any customers as a result of the price increase, Vaughn told USA TODAY. That's primarily "because we have such a loyal customer base," he added since the shop has been around for 30 years.
Stick with the postage stamp
“Personally, I love tracking the price of first-class stamps,” Michael Ashton, managing principal at Enduring Investments, wrote in an email. “It turns out that these track inflation pretty darn well.”
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At the end of 1981, a first-class stamp was 20 cents. The post office to 60 cents in July. That’s a 200% increase. And from the end of 1981 to today, the core consumer price index, which excludes volatile food and energy prices, has increased about 214%, he said. “Not bad!” he said, adding that “the “forever” stamp is essentially a perpetual TIPS bond!”
When you pay the current first-class postage price for a forever stamp, you can use it any time without adding more postage, no matter what the prevailing cost of a first-class stamp at the time.
TIPS, or Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities, are government bonds whose principal is adjusted twice a year for inflation. TIPS are sometimes used in a portfolio to hedge against inflation.
Pay attention to men's underwear
If you're worried the economy is in a recession or will slip into one, keep an eye on men's underwear.
At least that's what former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan said he did.
The logic is as follows: In good times, men don't think twice about replacing their underwear when it is worn out. But when they have to tighten their belts in recessions, they'd prefer to wear underwear with holes in it than buy a new pair.
This theory held up during the Great Recession. At the height of the economic downturn in 2009, sales plummeted and eventually started to recover in 2011.
Hanes and Calvin Klein, two of the most popular men's underwear brands, didn't respond to requests for comment regarding current sales.
The lipstick index
During recessions when people are generally feeling worse about themselves because of the state of the economy, women, in particular, tend to buy more lipstick.
"At times when discretionary income is scarce and splurging on expensive nonessential goods is not an option, buying lipstick could be a way of escapism," Natallia Bambiza, makeup and beauty analyst for the NPD Group, wrote in a May report.
"Priced significantly lower than designer accessories, apparel, or jewelry, a 'nice-to-have' lipstick plays the role of 'affordable luxury.'"
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Former Estée Lauder CEO Leonard Lauder coined the term "lipstick index" in 2001 toward the end of the dot-com bubble-induced recession when he made the connection between lipstick sales and recessions.
The theory, however, didn't hold up during the pandemic-induced recession mainly because people were staying home or wearing face coverings outside. Now it's being challenged even further because it's harder to discern whether people are buying lipstick because they're going out more or to cope with economic hardship.