NASS release September crop production report
The Illinois Field Office of NASS today released the USDA's September Crop Production Report. State and national highlights of the report include:
The 2010 Illinois corn crop is expected to yield 174 bushels per acre, down 6 bushels from the August forecast. The yield is down as a result of the continuation of the exceptionally hot weather throughout much of August. Temperatures averaged around 3 degrees above normal over most of the state. Precipitation was 10 to 20 percent above normal across the western half of the state but 20 to 30 percent below normal over much of the eastern half. Production of corn for grain would be 2.16 billion bushels, 5 percent more than was produced in 2009. As of August 29, 87 percent of the crop was dented with 34 percent mature and 2 percent harvested. Corn condition was rated 15 percent excellent, 47 percent good, 25 percent fair, 9 percent poor, and 4 percent very poor.
Soybean production in 2010 is expected to reach 471.8 million bushels, 10 percent above last year’s production. Yield is forecast at 51 bushels per acre, 5 bushels above last year. If realized, this yield would eclipse the previous record yield of 50 bushels per acre set in 2004. Condition of the soybean crop, as of August 29, was rated 13 percent excellent, 46 percent good, 30 percent fair, 8 percent poor, and 3 percent very poor. Soybeans turning yellow, as of August 29, were at 22 percent, compared to 1 percent in 2009 and 13 percent for the five-year average.
Corn production is forecast at a record 13.2 billion bushels, down 2 percent from the August forecast, but up from the previous record of 13.1 billion bushels set in 2009. Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 162.5 bushels per acre, down 2.5 bushels from the previous month and 2.2 bushels below last year’s record of 164.7 bushels. Forecasted yields decreased from last month throughout much of the Corn Belt, Tennessee Valley, and Delta. Yields were up from August in the lower portions of the Southeast. The September 1 corn objective yield data indicate the second highest number of ears per acre on record for the combined 10 objective yield States (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin), only behind the record year of 2009. Record high ear counts are forecast in Iowa, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin
Soybean production is forecast at a record high 3.48 billion bushels, up 1 percent from August and 4 percent above last year. Based on September 1 conditions, yields are expected to average a record high 44.7 bushels per acre, up 0.7 bushel from both last month and last year. Compared with last month, yields are forecast higher or unchanged across the central and northern Corn Belt, with the exception of Michigan. The largest increases in yield from last month are expected in Maryland and Virginia, both up 4 bushels. With the exceptions of Louisiana and the Carolinas, yields are forecast down across the Delta States, Southern Great Plains, and Southeast. The largest decline from the August 1 forecast is expected in Oklahoma, down 7 bushels as drought conditions across much of the State hampered yield expectations. If realized, the forecasted yield in Illinois, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York, and North Dakota will be a record high. Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at 78.0 million acres, unchanged from June but up 2 percent from 2009.